This project emphasis on Design and Analysis of the River Water Cleaning Machine. The work has done looking at the current situation of our national rivers which are dump with crore litters of sewage and loaded with pollutants, toxic materials, debris etc. The government of India has taken charge to clean rivers and invest huge capital in many river cleaning projects like “Namami Gange”, ‘’Narmada Bachao’’ and many major and medium projects in various cities like Ahmadabad, Varanasi etc. By taking this into consideration, this machine has designed to clean river water surface. Nowadays almost all the manufacturing process is being atomized in order to deliver the products at a faster rate. Automation plays an important role in mass production. In this project we have fabricated the remote operated river cleaning machine. The main aim of the project is to reduce the man power, time consumption for cleaning the river. In this project we have automated the operation of river cleaning with help of a motor and chain drive arrangement. Some needs of automation are described below. Here using RF transmitter and receiver are to control the cleaning machine. Automation can be achieved through computers, hydraulics, pneumatics, robotics, etc., of these sources, pneumatics form an attractive medium for low cost automation.