EEG CLASSIFICATION BY FACTORING IN SENSOR SPATIAL CONFIGURATION

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Electroencephalography (EEG) serves as an effective diagnostic tool for mental disorders and neurological abnormalities. Enhanced analysis and classification of EEG signals can help improve detection performance. A new approach is examined here for enhancing EEG classification performance by leveraging knowledge of spatial layout of EEG sensors. Performance of two classification models – model 1 that ignores the sensor layout and model 2 that factors it is investigated and found to achieve consistently higher detection accuracy. The analysis is based on the information content of these signals represented in two different ways: concatenation of the channels of the frequency bands and an image-like 2D representation of the EEG channel locations. Performance of these models is examined on two tasks, social anxiety disorder (SAD) detection, and emotion recognition using a dataset for emotion analysis using physiological signals (DEAP). We hypothesized that model 2 will significantly outperform model 1 and this was validated in our results as model 2 yielded 5 –8% higher accuracy in all machine learning algorithms investigated. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) provided the best performance far exceeding that of Support Vector Machine (SVM) and k-Nearest Neighbor s (kNNs) algorithms.

Let's Talk